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Congestive heart failure and low sodium diet

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Emily LISCIANDRO, If you’ve, been diagnosed with congestive heart failure. Your doctor has asked you to follow a very low sodium diet of less than 2000 milligrams per day.

So what is sodium Sodium is a mineral that is found in all foods and is necessary for good health, But most people get too much sodium from the foods they eat.

Sodium is a component of salt So to limit your sodium intake, you need to limit your salt intake.

You may ask: Why do I need to watch my sodium intake Well, sodium in the body attracts fluid.

If you’re eating too much sodium, you may have fluid buildup.

If your body has extra fluid your heart and kidneys will need to work harder to rid the body of the fluid which may cause a rise in your blood pressure.

High blood pressure can lead to serious problems such as stroke or heart attack By following a low sodium diet.

You should have less fluid retention and swelling, and you can help control your blood pressure too.

When, on a low sodium diet, you should limit your sodium intake to about 2000 milligrams or 2 grams per day.

This may seem extremely low, but keep in mind that the American Heart Association now recommends that adults, 51 years and older all African Americans and anyone with high blood pressure limit their daily sodium intake to no more than 1500 milligrams For a daily goal of 2000 milligrams. Of sodium, you could divide your sodium intake throughout the day That gives you about 600 milligrams per meal, with room for one 200 milligram sodium snack.

Now let’s talk about sources of sodium Table.

Salt is the primary source of sodium in our diets.

Even a small amount has a lot.

In fact, just one teaspoon of salt has 2300 milligrams of sodium, which is more than should be your daily limit for sodium intake.

Even if you don’t add salt to your food, you could still be eating foods with high sodium content.

For example, commercially prepared foods have large amounts of sodium.

This includes easy to prepare box mixes, frozen dinners, preserved meats such as lunch meats, hotdogs or smoked meats, canned foods such as soups, vegetables, pork and beans, or tomato products, condiments and ready to eat foods such as cereals, breads and baked goods In general.

The more processed the food, the more sodium it will contain, This might seem a bit overwhelming, but the first step is easy: It’s learning how to read a food label.

Food labels provide a lot of helpful information about food and can help you make healthier choices and reduce your sodium intake To begin look at the serving size listed at the top. All the nutrition information listed on the food label is for one serving.

Therefore, if you eat two servings of a food, you need to double what you see on the label.

Next, look for sodium content, The amount of sodium in one serving of food is listed as milligrams or mg.

Remember, reduced sodium products still contain sodium, so it is still important to read the food label.

Foods that contain 140 milligrams of sodium or less per serving are considered to be low, sodium And then foods that contain 35 milligrams of sodium or less per serving are considered to be very low sodium.

You should choose these foods most often.

The next step is shopping.

For a very low sodium diet In general, the outside perimeter of the grocery store will have foods that are less processed So start there.

Here are some tips on what to buy When buying vegetables choose fresh or frozen over canned, Always choose plain varieties or ones.

Without the added sauces, If you do need, the canned version, though, be sure to choose the no added salt variety Limit baked goods which are processed Also choose fresh chicken fish or lean meats. Instead of processed types such as lunch, meats, hotdogs or smoked meats, Buy limited non or low fat, dairy products select, unsalted versions of your favorite snacks and unsalted or low sodium soups Cooking food often presents an opportunity to add salt when, following a recipe, However, an important Way to reduce sodium intake is to not add salt during the cooking process.

It is also important to not add salt at the table.

Learning to cook with herbs and spices is a fun and tasty way to practice a very low sodium diet, everyday Season, foods with salt free seasonings, such as herbs, spices, garlic, onion, peppers or lemon juice to add flavor, Be sure to use garlic or onion powder versus The salted versions Be careful when using salt substitutes too, as many are high in potassium content, which can cause medical problems in some people.

There are excellent choices for a salt free seasoning blend that can be used for flavor that have very low potassium content.

Just be sure to check the label, So are you ready Here are some ideas to get you started For beef, chicken, pork or fish? Try, adding flavor with mushrooms, green pepper, onion, parsley, thyme sage, dill, garlic or bay leaf For eggs.

Try, seasoning with pepper green pepper onions or tomatoes You can make your vegetables pop with.

Chives lemon juice garlic onion powder rosemary or parsley Now that we have discussed what sodium is why it’s, important to limit, its use and ways to change your eating.

Lifestyle to accomplish following a low sodium diet, it’s time for you to get practicing.

Thank you for watching.

We hope it.’s been helpful. Goodluck .

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